What is A Grid and How to Create One Yourself

What is A Grid and How to Create One Yourself

Written on Monday, May 30th, 2011 in Essentials, Tutorials

A grid, or typographic grid, is a series of horizontal and vertical lines used to align text and images. A way to bring peace and structure to your design. But where did it come from? And how do you make one in Photoshop, Illustrator and InDesign?

ORIGIN OF THE GRID

Grids, or grid-like structures have been in use for hundreds of years. One of the oldest examples I’ve found is the 4th century Greek bible, Codex Sinaiticus. Even here we can see that some method has been used to align all the text.

Interesting fact: The whole book has been photographed and made available for everyone to see! You can check it out here: www.codexsinaiticus.com.

In those times nobody spoke of grids or margins because those terms simply didn’t exist, but that doesn’t mean they weren’t used.

One of the first and most famous people to simplify the way pages were constructed is J. A. Van de Graaf. He studied the works of Gutenberg and others to find that they all used some method to position their text and calculate the margins.

He devised a system to create the perfect page construction. A canon (or law) of page construction, known as the Van de Graaf Canon.

There are a lot of other people besides Van de Graaf who devised different systems to do the same. Villard de Honnecourt and Raúl Rosarivo amongst others. But we won’t get into all of them right now.

Later in time this theory was universalized by Jan Tschichold. He came to almost all the same conclusions as his predecessors with the only difference that the page ratio is best at 2:3. His theory is that 2:3 fits within the Fibonacci Sequence (0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, …) and the Golden Ratio (a+b is to a as a is to b). Very Da Vinci Code!

Today this is known as Tschichold’s Golden Canon of Page Construction.

MODERN GRID SYSTEMS

The grid system as we know it today was developed in the 1950′s by a group of designers including Josef Müller-Brockmann, Emil Ruder and Max Bill. They created a flexible system, based on the ideas of Jan Tschichold, to help create a clean and readable design.

This system was published later on by Josef Müller-Brockmann.

Those interested, and I can really recommend this book, can get a copy here.

Today, 556 years after Gutenberg (inventor of the printing press) printed his first book using the Secret Canon, the typographic grid is still alive and kicking!

So, how do you make your own grid in Photoshop, Illustrator or InDesign? The easiest way by far is in InDesign so let’s start there.

CREATE A GRID IN INDESIGN

We’re going to make a simple 6×6 A4 grid with a 5 mm gutter and a margin of 10 mm on all sides.

Go to File > New > Document… or even better, use the shortcut Cmd/Ctrl + N. Take a look at Creating A New InDesign Document, if you’re not really sure what all the settings are for.

Deselect the Facing Pages, select A4 as page size, we’ll leave the Columns at 1 and we want a Margin of 10 mm. This is what everything should look like.

Hit the OK button if you’ve got everything filled out.

Now go to Layout > Create Guides… A new window should appear.

As we said earlier, we want a 6×6 grid. So fill in 6 as Number in both the Rows and Columns. And we’ll use a Gutter of 5 mm, this is the space between each rectangle of our grid.

In the options we can choose to calculate our guides based on our Page size or our Margins. In most cases you’ll want to leave this set to Margins.

Click OK, and that’s it. A clean and simple 6×6 grid.

CREATE A GRID IN PHOTOSHOP

Photoshop doesn’t have a built in function to create a custom grid. Sure, you could do this manually, but that’s quite a time consuming piece of work and there are a lot of plugins out there that can do all the work for you.

My personal favorite is Cameron McEfee’s GuideGuide. And the best part is, it’s free! Thank you Cameron! So let’s go ahead and download the little gem here.

All you have to do is unzip the package and place it’s content in the Panels folder inside your Plugins folder. Restart Photohop and you’re all set! You can fins all the details on Cameron’s site.

Just like we did in InDesign, we’ll make a 6×6 A4 grid with a 5 mm gutter and a margin of 10 mm on all sides.

With the GuideGuide plugin installed, go to File > New… or use the shortcut Cmd/Ctrl + N.

Select the International Paper preset, and A4 as page size, CMYK as color mode and White as background. This is what everything should look like.

Hit the OK button if you’ve got everything filled out.

Go to Window > Extensions > GuideGuide, and our new & shiny grid tool appears.

Now all we have to do is fill it out, click the Create Guides button and we’re set!

The first 4 fields are for the Margins, we’ll fill in 10 mm in each field (top, bottom, left & right margins). The second 4 are for the Columns and Rows. We want 6 columns and 6 rows, both with a gutter of 5 mm. It should look something like this.

If you’re ready, hit the Create Guides button and GuideGuide will start adding the guidelines to your Photoshop document.

And this is the result, a perfectly positioned 6×6 grid with a 5 mm gutter.

CREATE A GRID IN ILLUSTRATOR

Now comes the trickiest of the three, because as far as I know (and correct me if I’m wrong) there are no built in functions or plugins for creating guides or grids in Illustrator.

Go to File > New… or use the shortcut Cmd/Ctrl + N. Select Print as document profile, A4 as page size, Millimeters as units and we’ll leave the Bleed at 0 for now. This is what everything should look like.

Just as in InDesign and Photoshop, we’re going to create a 6×6 grid with a gutter of 5 mm and a 10 mm margin.

Select the Rectangle Tool in the toolbox or use the shortcut M, and click once anywhere on our page. This will bring up the Rectangle window, here we can manually enter a size for our rectangle.

Fill in 190 mm for the Width and 277 mm for the Height and click the OK button. That’s the size of our page, minus the 10 mm margin we’re adding to all sides.

Now we created our rectangle, we only have to center it on our page.

Open the Align panel by going to Window > Align, or use the shortcut Shift + F7. If you look at the bottom right corner, there’s a button called Align To, make sure you have Align to Artboard selected.

With our rectangle still selected click on both the Horizontal Align Center and the Vertical Align Center buttons to center our rectangle on our page.

Now we’re going to split our rectangle into a grid. To do this go to Object > Path > Split Into Grid… A new window appears where we can choose our rows and columns.

Just like we did before, fill in 6 for both the number of Rows and Columns. And 5 mm for both Gutters. This is what everything should look like.

Click the OK button if you’ve got everything filled out.

Now this is our base to create our grid. All we have to do now is start dragging Guides on our artboard and they’ll snap right to our grid of rectangles.

Creating a guide is one of the easiest things to do. Just click anywhere inside your Rulers with the Selection Tool and drag a guide onto your artboard.

If you don’t see any Rulers on the left and top of your artboard, simply go to View > Rulers > Show Rulers, or use the shortcut Cmd/Ctrl + R.

If you drag a guide onto your artboard, and you move your cursor close enough to an edge of an element on your artboard, it will snap to it, then release, and you have a perfectly positioned guide.

NOTE: if you misplace a guide in Illustrator, you’ll notice you can’t move it anymore, this is because by default guides are locked in Illustrator. You can do one of two things; you can undo this by going to Edit > Undo or use the shortcut Cmd/Ctrl + Z; or you can unlock the guides by going to View > Guides > Lock Guides (Alt + Cmd/Ctrl + ;).

Do this for all 24 sides of our rectangles and you should get something that looks like this.

Now all we need to do is delete our base grid of rectangles, and we’re ready to go!

RESOURCES

The Grid System by Antonio Carusone, is the resource for all your gridding needs! Everything from articles to tools, books, blogs and templates!

Myths & Misconceptions About Grid Systems is an amazing article on Antonio’s other site, AisleOne.

The Secret Law of Page Harmony is a must-read article by Alex Charchar from Retinart. It covers and compares all the different canons and has some modern examples of grid use.

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  11. Tattoo Artist Shops in Hyderabad It seems that with the popularity of tattoos and the potential for high income, a lot of people want to become a tattoo artist. Many of them make the mistake of buying a kit and practicing on their friends, which is very dangerous. Many of these people never become truly successful at tattooing anyway, and never acquire the skills necessary to compete in this highly competitive business. We have many skilled tattoo artists in Hyderabad. Out of those we have to choose one, who have a well experienced and name in this field. Tattoo artist in Hyderabad is highly skilled and professional artists in tattoo design. They are trained in tattoo schools and they completed their academic course of tattoo design. They come to the market not only for earning money, but they perform their art of tattoo very seriously. If you want to choose a good tattoo artist first you must check the filling of colors. Proper filling of colors is required for a good tattoo. The selection of color for a line which is specified in tattoo is more important. This can be done only by well trained artists. Tattoo artists in Hyderabad are very careful in choosing of colors for each step of a design. They provide a wide range of colors in tattoos. They use the colors as for the taste of the customer and also they give the suggestions to them in the selection of colors for their body and for the design they want in tattoos. The second step in design is drawing of design. It required few skills for perfect style and perfect drawing. It is done only by practice. Practice a lot in order to master the basics. Tattoo artists in Hyderabad are having a well practice in drawing and selecting a style which is suitable to person. Make the best of the drawings that they can draw and create their own portfolio. Portfolio is necessary to show every one skill and designs that they have carried out. They are very skilled in design drawing. These artists are following their own portfolio in this skill. They give good designs to the persons who are coming to them. Humility and passion is also required for a good tattoo artist. He doesn’t do any mistakes while designing a tattoo. He doesn’t cheat the customers in the point of money and using good inks. Tattoo artists are available at Tattoo shops in Hyderabad are follows human values. They use best needles and materials for designing of tattoos. And a good artist requires passion in the design of tattoos. Because in this fashion world different peoples having the different tastes. They are able to satisfy the requirements of each person. For this he must have the passion in designing of tattoos. They follow the today trend in the tattoo designing. According to the above reasons if you want to design a tattoo on your body you must choose an artist from Tattoo shops in Hyderabad without any doubt. Because they follow the all guidelines of tattoo designer and they give the value to the customer and their taste in tattoos, but not to money. Joysen is one of the tattoo shops in Hyderabad offers at low prices. Joysen Tattoo Studio has tattoo artist in Hyderabad branches at Banjara hills and Jubilee hills.

  12. Tattoo Removal Options Stuck with that unsightly tattoo which you regretted the day after it had been done? A tattoo can be a statement of loyalty or love, an image a person chooses to portray, or an expression of freedom and self. It can be a mark willingly acquired and proudly worn, before the person concerned becomes tired of it, or realises it no longer reflects their personality. Whatever the case, when the individual changes, their tattoo doesn’t change with them. Fortunately, nowdays you no longer have to be stuck with your unloved ink. With the many advances in dermatology, and cosmetic sciences, there are safe and effective ways to rid yourself of unwanted tattoos with minimal or no scarring once and for all. Tattoo removal options such as dermabrasion, IPL, carbondioxide laser and surgery are used, but currently one of the most popular methods of removal is the QSwitched yag solidstate laser. Trust The Work Of A Professional A professional laser technician holds the laser over the pigmented skin, and the concentrated laser light penetrates through to the lower layers of the dermis, targeting the tattoo ink. The ink pigment absorbs the energy from the laser and breaks down as a result of being released from its seal. Each laser treatment session slowly releases additional pigment trapped in the skin, allowing the tattoo to fade without scarring. This gradual release allows the body’s natural defense mechanisms to rid the skin of the remainder of the ink. These laser treatments are unobtrusive, though a person may experience some discomfort during the session. Sorry to say that in this case, you do need to suffer ever so slightly for the sake of beauty or smooth, tattoofree skin. A topical local anesthetic gel is applied prior to the treatment, dulling any pain and ensuring the patient is comfortable and as relaxed as possible. Additional Types Of Tattoo Removal Other forms of tattoo removal include some more intrusive methods such as surgical excision and dermabrasion. During excision a surgeon removes the tattooed skin and either stitches it up, or creates a skin graft on the area. Dermabrasion involves the intensive, deep exfoliation of the tattooed area, by a dermatologist. Another method of tattoo removal used today, is that of IPL, or intense pulsed light. Although popular, there appears to be a higher risk of scarring and pigmentation during these procedures. The least effective methods of tattoo removal, are the use of creams and solutions which are applied to the tattoo in the hopes of fading the mark. Although dermatologists are always wary to claim a tattoo can be completely removed without scarring or pigmentation, the laser seems to be the most reliable, and least painful method of removal. Your consultant will meet with you to discuss your individual case, the number of laser treatments required and the costs involved in the treatment. This article was brought to you by Adelaide’s Brighton Beauty Medispa. If you would to know more about our tattoo removal options please kindly contact us and we will give you the best solution available. Please visit brightonbeautymedispam.au for details.

  13. MBT Raha haven’t planted for a flower pot broke More than a month ago, my son sent me a strain of seedling of unknown,mbt karani said to be coming from the community pick up downstairs. I took the seedling, looked: dense, slender branches, playing with an umbrellalike spathe on infants, revealing little star pink, very easy favorite. Make people wonder is a seedling of long hairs are fully open, so who will always be the bud of flowers thrown away? Eyes full of questions for my son, my son had to tell me more about his downstairs what. Flower was district six, a grandmother who lives in a building, the day Grandma because trivia with the upstairs to one of grandfather loud mouth, master rage rushed downstairs to Grandma flowers in the flower bed hit a pulpy, and some are still uprooted…… Listen to his son about, I blame road: not allowed without permission of the owner will take home, is the same as stealing. Son aggrieved to say, I know you like flowers, thinking of picking up a back strain as a birthday gift for you. Son also told me that many children will spend picking back home. To prove that he is not lying, son I came to the scene, a stroke and on the ground, full of flower pot fragments and some residual leaves of seedling. We knocked on Grandma’s door, son seedling round to the front of her, said to take a return to her. The old man said with tears in his eyes,MBT Raha haven’t planted for a flower pot broke, if you really like home, good produce…… My son and the seedling to take home, come up with flower pot carefully planted well. Or because of its delicate and innocent, or because the master entrusted with tears, I it is very pity, all taken care of. After two days, I found in the leaf of the seedling to roll up, a depression like. And after a twoday, on the main stem from the flower gradually decayed yellow mud close to the leaf falls off. I wondering seedling while flowering and just transplant, will certainly require supplementary nutrition. I reminds an expired milk when flower fertilizer causes things to. I preparation of herbal medicine by the prescribed method, after collecting a family breakfast milk boxes, to squeeze the remaining milk drops to pots. After a few days,mbt moja I was excited to find previously flagging leaves slowly returned to Vitale, it opens up. Even more surprising is that branches of the green sky exposed himself to the toot of a smiley face to two powder. I down lower body, enjoying the flowers carefully Jiao Li face: high Butterflyshaped flowers figure Ana Obregon, Breeze, dance in the leaves of common cabbage worm. I also found this flower like a picture of the wonderful ink and light color: adulterous Center has a dark yellow holes, holes outside the rosy fine gauze around a circle, from deep to shallow, SUMI slowly towards the five petals,mbt online sale and gradually becomes shallow pink. One of the most incredible is that of peach blossom petals sharp actually kept a radiant white, as was so ink in white. Since then, each morning and evening, I will be busy in the snatch a moment of leisure, or water, or count number of flower flowers. One day also be attracted by this plant flowers of dubious origin, asked me what it is spent? Answer: unknown. Until a few days ago to pick up his son,MBT Sini in front of the district a household to see an area of the same flower. Can’t help but the front has asked its owner, the owner told me, the flower named “Vinca”, a name is sunshine. Home Search on the Web a bit, found aliases to so many of catharanthus roseus, spring, new day, richunhua day, the spring is not old, four seasonsspring, five petal plum, geese to red, the mountains such as alum, fivepetal Lotus. I also learned a lot about the flower of common sense: If flowering longer, you can open from midJuly until frost. Beautiful flowers and pose, except for potted ornamental, it also has a significant medicinal value, is the leader in the anticancer plant today. According to modern scientific research found the flower contains 55 types of alkaloids in which vinblastine and vincristine, a variety of alkaloids, malignancies is now widely used to treat leukemia, lymphoma, and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in advanced cancer. Annual production and sales of vincristine in the world, its value has exceeded US $ 100 million…… Son my is a treasure!

  14. How an American Can Have Success Using The Word, "Ambrosial," in a Sentence. “She’s adorable,” is a popular phrase to say to a cute little girl or puppy. Using the word, “adorable” is an easy feat for most Americans. However, the word, “ambrosial” which is a synonym for adorable is not that commonly used. The definition of ambrosial is “exceptionally pleasing to taste or smell; especially delicious or fragrant.” This article will create five sentences using the word, ambrosial. This article will help an American have success using that word. It’s not hard to have success saying this word in a sentence. Watch. The woman has an amazing body and her smell is ambrosial. It can be done again. Watch. I only wear Calvin Klein cologne; the smell is ambrosial. It can be done again. Watch. I only eat Popeye’s Chicken; to me the taste is ambrosial. It can be done again. Watch. My wife asked me how it taste and I replied, I could only describe it as ambrosial. It can be done again. Watch. She was wearing a fragrance she never wore before and her smell was ambrosial. In conclusion, this article was written to help an American have success using that word in a sentence. It is a rare word that is seldom used. It is a beautiful word that should be used more often. It is a gem to the English language. It is a word that dates back to the 1500′s. It is an adjective. It can help a person seem intelligent and sophisticated. It could help a person win points on a date. It might trip up a smart 12yearold in the spelling bee.

  15. How to Design Your Own Tattoo Tattoos are not only an intricate form of art; they are also a manifestation of self expression. Like a picture, a tattoo speaks volumes. That is why it is important that you choose one that has a significant meaning for you. Although there are many tattoo designs available, these images may be a vague representation of who you are. So, if you have the talent and the skill, you can design your own tattoo freehand. But what if you are not that skilled at drawing? Do not worry; you can still design your own tattoo without having to draw it. How? A vivid picture in your mind is all it takes. Your very own idea of the image, size, color and other details are all the information needed. Now that you’ve made up your mind of what your tattoo image should look like, all you have to do is find some help. Go and browse the web. One of the best ways to find some help with your design is to go browsing the web for sites that provide a platform for custom tattoo design contests. The contest mechanics and rules are set by your own detailed design information. Most websites that offer this medium do not collect any fees, just the set prize offer for your design. Although, there is a minimum prize set, the administrator will help you in setting the prize based on your required tattoo design. Remember, the higher the prize you set, the more artists will be drawn to join your contest. If this happens, it will create a wider selection of tattoo designs to choose from. All you need is to find what is best for you. The artists who join the contest will design hisher work based on the detailed information you provide. So it is important that you give the exact details of your idea. These artists also work on your feedback, so they may be willing to make some modifications to come up with the piece you want. Once, you have chosen the best artist, you will get exclusive rights to the design, and get a copy and a stencil so you can take it to any tattoo artist that can do your tattoo. Moreover, there are other sites that offer handson programs in creating your designs. These sites have libraries of designs so that you can develop your own version of a design by mixing and matching any design you want. It is not comparable to a custom tattoo design but you could create something that you like. Just keep in mind not to stick to one design, and learn to be creative. But if you’re really not up to the challenge, these sites also offer temporary tattoos. What is convenient with these nonpermanent tattoos is you can change the design after it wears off, so it saves you from having any regrets. Using this kind of software requires a fee. There are also some technical details before you can download the software. Check for any specifications before downloading this tattoo designing software. Still, if you really want to be original then a custom tattoo design is fitting for you. Though you did not draw it yourself, the idea of the design is to your own liking and is based on your individuality as a person. A tattoo artist just helps you put some life into your design. Kristen Dunn is a tattoo enthusiast and professional tattoo designer who has created thousands of thought provoking, elegant, and funky tattoos for her clients. She has a vast collection of custom designs to her credit. Winner of several awards and accolades, Kristen is now a founding member of the world’s largest custom tattoo design community at CreateMyTattoo. View her tattoo collection or read more on her blog here.

  16. “Body Art Sagittarius and gangsta tattoos Sagittarius tattoos are most excellent and most superb in the world. Hello, I wish for to tell you a few things about famous Sagittarius and gangsta designs. Gangsta tattoos are one of the recognized ones in the world. They are a grand way to express yourself. They have been used by the the members of gangs of course, but they are usually very lovely. These gangsta and Sagittarius tattoos can be very, very representational and from time to time is problematical to discover out what they be a sign of. Tattoos with drop tears and spider web are common in prison. Nowadays gangsta tattoos are wellliked among ordinary group of people who needs to express themselves. Nearly everyone of this sort is especially detailed. There are several secret language and styles that know how to be with no trouble discover while you are looking for these tattoos. It’s ordinary if you are looking for several gangsta tattoos just try links and get numerous of good quality designs. If you are looking for Sagittarius tattoos you be supposed to realize a few things. Sagittarius is one of the zodiac signs. It symbolizes intelligence, brilliance, full benefit of the great resource of information, realistic sense. People with this sign are usually extremely optimistic. They are Folks faith of our trust. They don’t like lies, Foolishness and hypocrisy. They act hastily and effectively. Are impetus and wellorganized. They are filled of power and adore hard emotions. Regularly adore a quantity of news flash. They are interested in a earth and everything strange and linked. They clash for their liberty and freedom. They are practical and reliable. Sagittarius for all time say the truth straight in the eye. They don’t love to play someone that they aren’t. they Often have a very good contact with People and can easily get their sympathy. Sagittarius is a famous friend and good pal to amusements. He never bore. Sagittarius tattoos are grand form of expression itself. IF you want to discover a few Sagittarius or gangsta tattoos just go to this website “

  17. Various Applications of Body Piercings Body piercing is said to be one of the latest trends which is followed nowadays among young people. For them, it symbolizes modernization and attraction. But body modification had been in existence right from the ancient period of civilization. In 500 BC piercings came into existence by Egyptians to show their pride and novelty. Piercings were said to be the symbol of respect and royalty of Egyptian rulers and commanders. Only they are allowed to wear those gold jewels whereas other slaves and common people were restricted to wear those jewels since it was considered to be the ruler’s identification. From Egypt it was spread to other nations like Rome, Africa and so on. But each nation had used it for different reasons and specifications. In Rome wearing pierced body jewels were used among soldiers in battlefield. They used to wear it in their chest to show others that they are brave and strong. Even Caesar had used to do the same kind of wearing in order to combine his battle men. Americans used tongue piercing since the blood comes from it makes them go closer to god. Likewise these practices had been used for several reasons right from the ancient period. Piercing is nothing but creating a body opening by cutting a part from which gold jewel can be worn into it. As generations passes, penetrating part got stretched or extended in which jewels of big size can be worn into it. These types of activities have been practiced for various reasons nowadays. Many used to wear pierced jewels to show the latest trend to other people. It’s been used among various celebrities and sportsmen for fashion reasons. Some of them use it to display their character identity to others whereas some people use it for their traditional and spiritual purposes. However it also creates negative impact on people wearing this jewel which depends on type of piercing. Piercing at unusual parts make people think strange and thus creating negative thoughts. The most common type of piercing is to get pierced in ears in which it is allowed as a usual code in schools, colleges and even in offices. Wearing jewels in various parts of ear like ear lobes, thick fleshy part are more common in showing tradition.Nowadays dresses have been stitched to show that specific part. This is considered as one of the latest trending activities which takes place right now. There are some specific piercing types which displays cute selfexpressions. Wearing gold jewels in lip, eyebrows and nose are most attractive type of penetrating. These are all the elegant way of showing the trends to people, which will be always accepted as the common practice. Hope the above said facts clearly describes about various piercings and guidelines. Looking to know more about piercings? Clubtattoo is considered to be one of the leading specialists in applying tattoos and body piercings. To know more about the services they offer kindly visit the website at clubtattoomlocations

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